Transport of Pollutants in Porous Media: A Lattice Boltzmann Approach Accounting for Complex Adsorption Processes

Status

Ongoing

Scientific disciplines

Physical Sciences and Physico-chemistry

Research direction

Earth Sciences and Environmental Technologies

Affiliate site

Rueil-Malmaison

When simulating the transport of pollutants in the subsurface or in the context of water remediation, special attention should be paid to the specific adsorption behavior of complex pollutants. These compounds, which are receiving increasing attention worldwide, include already identified as well as emerging pollutants (e.g., PFAS, nanoplastics, personal care products…). These molecules are characterized by physico-chemical behaviors at the fluid-solid interface that generally cannot be described using classical models (e.g., Henry, Langmuir). In turn, their specific interfacial behavior drastically influences the transport of these types of molecules. It is therefore necessary to develop and include a specific model for this kind of adsorption, based on experimental data, in the transport equations to obtain a physically consistent adsorption/transport behavior. 
The objective of this thesis is to better understand the transport of complex pollutants in heterogeneous porous media. The thesis consists of a thermodynamic modeling part and a numerical part. First, we will adapt a thermodynamic adsorption formalism recently developed to pollutants characterized by non-classical adsorption isotherms. Then, the adsorption equilibrium and kinetics specific to each molecule will be implemented in an existing Lattice-Boltzmann code to simulate transport of this type of molecules first in simple geometries and then in heterogeneous porous media. In fine, the goal of this dual approach is to provide a rational framework to design and optimize water remediation processes taking into account the complex physical chemistry at play and its coupling with strong structural heterogeneities in porous media.  

Keywords: Complex pollutants, adsorption, thermodynamics, transport in porous media

  • Academic supervisor    Dr. COASNE, Benoit, Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire de Physique, ORCID : 0000-0002-3933-9744
  • Doctoral School    Physics Doctoral School in Grenoble, https://doctorat.univ-grenoblealpes.fr/ecoles-doctorales/ecole-doctorale-de-physique-668370.kjsp
  • IFPEN supervisor    Dr. BAUER, Daniela, Direction Sciences de la Terre et Technologies de l'Environnement, Daniela.Bauer@ifpen.fr, ORCID : 0000-0003-4840-9422
  • PhD location    IFP Energies nouvelles, Rueil-Malmaison
  • Duration and start date    3 years, starting in fourth quarter 2023
  • Employer    IFP Energies nouvelles, Rueil-Malmaison, France
  • Academic requirements    University Master degree physics, chemistry, or applied mathematics with background in physics, physical chemistry, applied mathematics 
  • Language requirements    Fluency in French or English, willingness to learn French
Contact
Encadrant IFPEN :
BAUER, Daniela
PhD student of the thesis:
Promotion 2023-2026